Category Archives for "Care & Repair"

How To Save Fuel For Your Car – 10 Tips You Should Know

Anybody who drives a car, understands the cost of fuel. This is a recurring expense that happens when you own and drive a vehicle. Unfortunately, gas prices tend to vary. There are many factors that contribute to this; prices can change based on where you live, the political environment, the time of year and sometimes the day of the week that you are buying gas.

It stands to reason then, that most drivers probably want to do all they can to help save money on fuel. Fortunately, there are several things you can do t help minimize the pinch at the gas tanks.

How To Save Fuel For Your Car

How To Save Fuel For Your Car

Let’s start with some easy ideas that can be done by everyone.

1. Clean out your car

Most people do clean out their cars if they will be driving it for a special occasion or for a night out. However, it makes good sense to clean your car out more often. Any weight added to your car will be a drain on the fuel. The added weight makes your engine have to work harder. So, clean out the stuff you don’t need – drop off the donations to Good Will and take out anything that is not necessary. Sports equipment should not be kept in the trunk, it adds weight. Simply put it in your car when you absolutely must. Remember that just 100 pounds of extra weight inside your car can reduce gas mileage by 2%.

2. Clean off the exterior

In a similar manner, remove all exterior cargo holders when they are not in use. Car manufacturers design cars to be aerodynamic. This is not just about the look of the car, but about reducing the amount of drag. This extra drag is a drain on fuel and mileage as well. If you leave a cargo carrier on your roof rack, you are reducing fuel economy anywhere from 6% to 17% at speeds of 55 mph. If you are driving at 65-75mph, the number hits 25%.

3.Tire pressure and low rolling resistance tires

Having properly inflated tires is not only a safety issue, it’s a fuel consumption issue as well. If your tire is underinflated by just 2lbs of psi, your car’s fuel consumption increases by 1%. Checking to make sure that your tires are properly inflated is easy and something that should be done every few weeks.

You should also check your tires for wear and tear. Tires that are out of alignment will put a strain on your car when driving, and ultimately have a negative impact on your fuel consumption. Make sure your tires are aligned. If you need to replace them, be sure that they are well rated and provide adequate traction.

4. Use the right octane level for your car

Use the right octane level for your car to save fuel

Use the right octane level for your car to save fuel

This is something that can have a big impact on your fuel use. Most cars are designed to un on at least 87 octane fuel. If you add a higher octane fuel to your car, it will not necessarily make it run faster or better. It will only add to the dollar signs at the pump. In fact, it could easily add over $100.00 to the cost of gas over a year.

5. Watch the starts and stops

How you accelerate and decelerate is one of the most important things you can do to save on fuel. The constant start and stops, hitting the gas and flying, constant speeding up and slowing down are very draining on fuel economy. This type of aggressive driving can actually decrease your car’s fuel economy by 37%. You should accelerate moderately and then maintain a steady speed.

6. Watch the speed limit

Another easy fix for helping fuel economy is to stick to driving the speed limit. This is more than a safety issue as well. Most cars are designed to work optimally at 50 mph. In fact, for every 5 mph over 50 mph you drive, you will pay $0.15 more per gallon. Driving at 62 mph instead of 75mph will save you 15% of your car’s fuel.

7. Try not to idle

Idling is a great way to waste fuel. When you idle, your car loses up to a ½ gallon of fuel per hour.

8. Be mindful of your AC

You should try to use your car’s AC sparingly. This is because the air compressor uses gas and will drain your tank faster. If it is possible, try to park your car in the shade on hot days. You can also use a sunshade to help keep the interior dark and cool while you are parked. This will reduce the amount of AC you will need to cool down your car.

9. Be sure to get regular maintenance

It is crucial that you have your car regularly serviced. The smoother your car is running, the easier it is on the fuel economy. And certainly, any time the check engine light comes on, get it checked out quickly. Most of the time this light will come on due to a dirty sensor or loose filter. Both of these are easy and quick to fix.

For example, a loose gas cap will cost you 20% of your car’s fuel economy. A bad oxygen sensor can cost you to lose up to 40% of your car’s fuel economy.

And make sure you are using the right oil. Using the wrong oil for your car’s engine can result in a 12% decrease in miles per gallon for your car. Using best battery maintainer also good choice when you maintain your car.

10. Plan your trips

It makes good sense to plan out your trips. This way you can get work, errands or shopping done in an efficient manner. It is easier on your car and means less filling up needed at the pump.

Final Thoughts

As a car owner, you want o be sure you are taking the best possible care of your vehicle. One of those ways is taking care to optimize your car’s fuel economy; this is a good move for your wallet and better for your car. These simple tips are things that you can do easily every day in order to ensure you are getting the best possible mileage out of your car.

How To Protect Wires From Engine Heat?

The electrical system of your car is vast. There are wires used to connect everything from windshield wipers to the alternator and everything else in between. Without this electrical system, you would have a lot of difficulty running your car.

All of the wires in the electrical system connect in the engine. This is the hub from where they get the power needed to work their various functions. The wires in your car’s electrical system can break down due to heat, as well as extreme cold and dirt and debris.

There are several measures you can take to help ensure the safety of your car’s wiring. It does not matter if you have a new car, a restored classic car or a refurbished car. You want to make sure that your car stays in the best possible shape. Here are some steps you can take to help protect this vital component of your car’s electrical system.

How To Protect Wires From Engine Heat

How To Protect Wires From Engine Heat

Why do I need to be concerned about my wires heating up?

It does not seem like it should be a big deal if the wires get hot. Most of the time you do not even think about this. However, the wiring in your electrical system is very important. If those wires overheat, they can melt and fuse together. When this happens, you will have trouble starting your car or having it run correctly.

There is also the chance that burned out wires could actually start a fire under the hood.

What products will I need to protect my wiring?

There are several products you can use to protect your car’s electrical wiring from engine heat. You can use them individually or altogether. These items are: plastic split loom, aluminum tape, fiberglass wraps, a hood liner, and sleeve kits. You can also use zip-ties.

What can you do to protect your wires?

1. Zip-ties

One of the easiest steps to take is to make sure that the wires are contained and not touching any hot surfaces. You will need to make sure that the wires are properly secured. This will help prevent them from getting cut, being worn down or overheated from touching hot parts of the engine.

Most cars should already come with this step taken. You can check this yourself quite easily. Simply pop the hood and take a look. You should make sure that all wiring is securely fastened. If it isn’t, you can do this easily with some zip-ties. Zip-ties are inexpensive and available just about anywhere.

2. Insulation sleeves

This item is exactly what it sounds like. It is an insulation sleeve that is designed to slip over the wires. The insulation in the sleeve will protect the wires from the extreme heat of the car’s engine.

These sleeves do not just go over the wires. They can also be placed over any covering that is already in place. In this way the sleeve provides an extra layer of insulation.

3. Watch out for sharp edges

If the wires are near sharp edges or fiberglass, you need to be careful that the wires are not cut or frayed. It is a good idea to have them go through a grommet to protect them. If you notice that the cover of a wire has become damaged or frayed, be sure to cover it with electrical tape. This will help prevent the damage from becoming worse.

4. Routine Maintenance

One of the best ways to keep ahead of any potential problem is with routine maintenance. Regularly inspecting your car under the hood will let you know if there is a developing problem. Being able to catch a problem while it is still small means that it will be relatively easier for you to fix it.

How to choose the right wire protection?

How to choose the right wire protection?

How to choose the right wire protection?

You should look under the hood and take your driving into account when trying to determine the best options for wire protection.

Most cars are equipped with factory hood liners and wiring ties to properly secure them. You should consider adding additional protection if you tend to be harder on your engine. It is the heat generated from the engine that is a concern.

If you notice wiring that is starting to fray or show signs of damage, you might want to take steps to fix it. It is a good idea to replace the wiring first, if necessary. Then you can take additional steps to protect the wires with insulated sleeves.

Points to Remember

All cars have wiring. It is a crucial component of the car’s electrical system. If you have a problem with the wiring, you could have trouble running your car.

The car’s engine generates a lot of heat. If the wires are too close to the heat it can cause them to melt or fuse together. Bits of debris can also get stuck in the as well.

Wires that are not secured properly can touch this excessive heat. This will cause the wires to melt. If you notice this, you may have to replace the wires.

Regularly looking under the hood of your car will help keep you familiar with the parts and ensure that you notice a problem immediately.

To help protect your wires, you can take a few steps. It is possible to use zip-ties to make sure that wires are securely fastened and out of the way. You can also use sleeves. This will be a type of insulation that will slip over the wire and any existing insulation that might be there. It gives the wires an extra layer of insulation.

Final Thoughts

Most cars today are already equipped with hood liners and have the wires securely fastened. It is possible though, for parts to become damaged and worn. It is a good idea to protect your car’s wires since they are vital for helping your car to run smoothly. Just a few minutes every few weeks can go a long way towards ensuring a safe and easy drive.

Why Your Car Engine Vibration And What To Do?

There is nothing quite like the sound of a finely tuned engine, until it isn’t. Nothing strikes fear into the heart of car owners quite like the sound of a “funny” engine. What should you do if your engine starts acting up? Is this cause for great alarm?

The truth is, there are many reasons why your car’s engine may be acting up. The key is to figure out what kind of noise it is, where exactly it is originating from and what needs to be done to fix it. Not all odd engine noises are indicative of engine failure. Let’s take a look at some of the possible causes of engine vibration and what the solutions for it are.

Why Your Car Engine Vibration And What To Do

Why Your Car Engine Vibration And What To Do

What is engine vibration?

Car engines are designed to run smoothly. Anytime you notice anything else, that can be considered engine vibration. Your car is experiencing engine vibration if you notice any kind of shuddering or pulsing type of activity from under the under the hood.

What are the causes of engine vibration?

There are several reasons why your car may be experiencing engine vibration. Those reasons can vary from slightly annoying to extremely serious. Engine vibrations can happen anytime that any part of the engine system is having trouble.  Here is a list of possible reasons why.

1.Bad spark plugs

Any time your engine has a worn out or faulty spark plug, you can expect that your car engine might vibrate or shake pretty badly. A worn-out spark plug will prevent the air and fuel mixture from getting to the proper cylinders. This will lead to misfiring. The result is an engine that will vibrate as the cylinders misfire during idling or at running speeds. The easiest solution in this case is to simply install new spark plugs.

2.Timing Belt issues

The timing belt is crucial for ensuring the accurate functioning of all the components of the engine. Any issues that happen with the timing belt can be a cause of engine vibration. Fans and other belt-driven parts will not function properly if the timing belt becomes damaged or loose. This will cause shakes or rattling. It is a good idea to inspect the cable belts to make sure that they are not loose or damaged, and then replace the  worn out ones to take care of the problem.

3.Loose Hoses

Another cause of car engine vibration could be due to any loose or disconnected hoses in the engine. These hoses are necessary to carry the air and fuel mixture, radiator coolant, vacuum, etc., If any of them are not working correctly, it means that the engine is not being properly fed with these crucial requirements. The result in vibrations when idling and at running speeds. You can fix this problem by reattaching any loose hoses or replacing those that are damaged and worn out.

4.Fuel Intake issues

If the fuel intake system is not properly adjusted, it can result in engine vibrations. This can happen when the engine is idling. It can also happen if the engine is not getting the right fuel and air mix due to the improper adjustments. You will need to have the idle speed adjusted on the carburetor and also clean the fuel intake system to fix this cause of engine vibrations.

5.Damaged Mounts

Any time there is damage to the motor mounts, you can experience engine vibrations and shaking when you have your car in idle or when it is stopped. The mounts support the engine in its compartment and they help to absorb the road shocks. If the motor mounts are the cause of the engine’s vibrations, you will need to have them repaired or replaced by a mechanic.

Other possible causes of engine vibrations

  • Filters– a dirty air filter or a clogged fuel filter can prevent the engine from getting needed oxygen or fuel. These filters are inexpensive and easy to swap out. You should look at the owner’s manual and replace these filters as part of your car’s routine maintenance.
  • Brakes– be sure to check your brakes. Anytime that the rotor is bent or out of shape, the calipers and pads won’t grip the disc correctly. This will cause vibration too.
  • Axles– a bent axle or driveshaft will cause your engine to vibrate.
  • Steering wheel– you could also have a loose steering wheel. There are many different components to a steering wheel and column and they can wear out over time. These parts will need to be replaced by a mechanic.
  • Unbalanced tires– if even one of your tires is unbalanced and out of alignment, your car might be experiencing some vibrations or shuddering. Make sure that all of your tires are properly inflated and that you have them professionally aligned.
  • Worn out tires– if your tires are bald and worn out, replace them immediately. It is a safety concern and bald tires can cause your car to also shake and shudder.

What can you do?

Some of the causes of car engine vibration can be fixed or avoided through regular maintenance. Air and fuel filters can be replaced easily at home, and should be done on a regular schedule. You can also make sure that your tires are properly inflated and rotated. If your tires are worn out, be sure to replace them immediately.

You can also easily take a look under the hood at the hoses. Check to make sure they are all properly connected. If you see any that are worn out or have holes, then replace them. If you are not sure what the cause is, you can use a scanner to pinpoint the problem.


Owning and driving a car is a great joy and responsibility. Part of being a good owner is making sure that your car gets regular maintenance. It is the best way to head off any big problems and also make sure that your car will serve you well for many years. If you have any questions, see your local mechanic for help.

How To Winterize Your Car?

Everyone already has a pretty good idea of what kind of routine maintenance should be done on their cars. Everyday driving can and does take a toll on our vehicles. However, if you live in an area that gets winter weather such as ice, snow, sleet and low temperatures, you should do some winterizing for your car.

Winterizing your car is a good way to make sure that your car is ready for changing weather and road conditions. Performing winter care for your car will help give peace of mind while driving and will also help keep your car running well. In addition, you should be mindful of safe driving techniques. Let’s take a look at some things you can do to winterize your car.

How To Winterize Your Car

How To Winterize Your Car

8 Tips For Winterizing Your Car

1.Have your vehicle serviced for winter weather

  • Battery – Battery power decreases as the temperature drops. This means that it will take more power to start your car in the winter. If your battery is already having problems, your risk of breaking down increases. It is a good idea to have your auto care provider installs a battery at or above 600 CCA for optimal winter performance. Using best battery maintainer is good solution for recharge your car battery after winter.
  • Cooling system – It is recommended to maintain a ratio between 50/50 and 70/30 of antifreeze to water. Ask your mechanic what antifreeze should be used for your car and the appropriate coolant-to-water ratio to use. This will help prevent against corrosion and potential freezing.
  • Brakes – While cold weather doesn’t necessarily hurt your brakes, a thorough inspection is a good idea. You want to ensure the best performance when driving in winter conditions.
  • Belts, hoses, spark plugs, wires, and cables – These can go bad at any time of year, but if they go bad during the winter, you could be stranded in a very cold place for a very long time. It is a good idea to get them all checked.

2.Put on winter tires

You can use all-season tires in winter conditions however, this will not offer you the maximum performance you may need in your area.

If you live in a place that experiences extremely cold winter temperatures, it is recommended that you install winter tires when winterizing your car. It is crucial to remember that when the temperature consistently stays at or below freezing, the rubber compounds in non-winter tires harden. This decreases the tire’s ability to grip the road. Winter tires use special compounds engineered to resist hardening in cold temperatures, providing better traction in ice, snow, slush, and even dry pavement.

If you live in an area that doesn’t normally have intense winters, all-season tires should be fine to use. However, if you live in an area with harsh winters or regularly visit places that do, winter tires are the safest choice for you.

3.Maintain Tire Pressure

Every 10° change in temperature could mean a gain or loss of 1 PSI. This means you should check pressure more regularly during winter and add air to your tires as needed.

4.Consider adding winter wipers

These wipers come equipped with rubber that helps to keep ice from collecting on the blades. Just be sure to remove them when spring comes. Since winter wipers are heavier than regular ones, keeping them on all the time increases the load on the wiper motor.

5.Keep washer fluid full

Replace your car’s windshield wiper fluid often during the winter. A single snowstorm can use a large amount of fluid, so refill the washer reservoir frequently with windshield wiper fluid formulated for winter conditions. If you are not sure if your washer fluid is the right formula for colder temperatures, you can add a bottle of washer fluid antifreeze to the reservoir. This can be found at most auto parts stores.

6.Pack a winter survival kit

You should pack a kit with the essentials in case of an emergency. A good survival kit should include: matches, flares, a first aid kit, flashlight with batteries, ice scraper, extra coats and warm clothing and socks, jumper cables, back of salt or sand, and non-perishable food and water. You should also have a car tool kit and extra antifreeze on hand as well.

7.Fill the tank

During colder, winter months make sure that your car’s gas tank is always half full. This will help prevent you from running out of gas and being stuck on the side of the road.

8.Check the rear window defroster

Being unable to see behind you could create unsafe driving conditions. When winterizing your car, be sure to check your rear-window defroster before cold weather arrives to be sure it’s working properly.

Other tips for safe winter driving with your car

If you get stuck while driving in winter weather, safety is crucial. It is helpful to remember:

  • Do not leave your car because you could become disorientated and risk of losing sight of it
  • Do not run your car for long periods of time to keep warm. Instead, turn it on long enough to stay warm, and then turn it off again to avoid carbon monoxide poisoning
  • Put your dome lights on to help attract attention

Additional considerations when winterizing your car

You should check your oil and the viscosity.

In order for your engine to run, it needs proper lubrication from oil. Unfortunately, cold weather will reduce the oil’s effectiveness. The colder it is outside, the thicker the oil gets, and thick oil will not circulate through your engine as easily as thin oil. When this happens, your engine does not get the lubrication it needs during start-up and you will be left with a car that will not start.


Driving in the snow or winter weather conditions does not have to be scary. You simply need to be prepared. As long as you take the appropriate steps to make sure that your car is properly winterized, driving should not be too big of an issue. Always use common sense and be careful out on the roads.

What Does SEL Mean On A Car?

One of the terms that sticks out at times about a car is SEL. But what does SEL mean? SEL stands for Special Edition Limited. It’s a certain type of trim that is included in most vehicle brands like Ford. If you think trim is just a design thing, you’d be surprised to know that it actually goes beyond that. In this article, we’ll dig into what exactly is the difference between an SEL trim and the other trims on a car.

So, What Does SEL Mean On A Car?

As mentioned, SEL stands for Special Edition Limited. Before we go any further, this shouldn’t be confused with special limited edition or the like. That pertains to rare cars or a limited amount of models of a certain car that was manufactured. SEL is considered to be a type of trim. While it may be a certain type of design, known what trim you have will depend on what’s under the hood.

For example, let’s take a look at the Ford Focus. More specifically, let’s take a look at the 2018 Ford Focus SEL Hatchback Model. The standard engine of this SEL model is a 2.0-liter Ti-VCT GDI I-4 FFV engine offering 160 horsepower and 146 pound-feet of torque. Other Ford Focus models with a different trim will have engines with more or less horsepower and torque.

What Is A Trim Level?

A trim level is an identification system used by car manufacturers based on the level of equipments and special features that come with the vehicle. The equipment and features that are fitted on a particular vehicle will depend on the options package or any individual options that was ordered by the buyer. For most car models, a trim level indicates which equipment and features are considered standard. The buyer themselves can add this standard equipment using individual options or as part of a package deal. The trim that has the least equipment and features is known as the “base model”. Likewise, the trim that has the most equipment and features is considered to be the “fully loaded” model.

As mentioned, one of the main differences of each trend is what’s under the hood and the inner workings. A trim level can include mechanical differences such as engines, suspension, or all-wheel drive systems. Some car brands will use a different car model rather than consider it as a trim level. Which means that the difference between models and trim level can vary depending on the brand. One such example is Volkswagen’s Golf model. VW could have marketed the Golf GTi model as a standalone or as a trim within the Golf model itself.

The Trim Naming System

The trim levels are often based on a pair of letters. For example, SE or GT. The naming can even be a mix of letters or numbers such as Z28 or ZR5. It can even be a simple word or two like Executive Edition or Deluxe. One of the earlier designations can be dated back as far as the 1960s. For example, Ford used the letters GT for its 1965 Mustang model. Just four years earlier in 1961, Chevrolet included “SS” as part of their new Impala.

General Motors began designating trim level identification by using the alphanumeric coding for their models. These included the Camaro Z28, Oldsmobile 442, the Buick GS, and the Z71 on the Suburban and Tahoe. Nissan began using a name for a trim for the highest trim level of two of their models: the Cedric and the Gloria. That name would be known as “Brougham”. These types of models were sold throughout the 1970s and 1980s.

Options Package

Manufacturers will sometimes sell options packages that will consist of a bundle of options. They will typically sell them at a discounted price. Buyers can even choose individual options that can comprise of their own custom package deal. These packages include, but are not limited to the following:

Trim/Appearance Package: This package can include special paint colors, interior upgrades, and exterior decals. Some of the packages that were offered in the past would include pinstriping, two-toned paint, vinyl roof covers, and bumpers painted the same color as the body itself.

Sports Performance Package: These include upgrades in the engine and handling system. This also includes a front and rear spoiler system, upgraded brakes, and a limited slip differential. These packages may often be found in SUVs or light trucks. At the same time, a package can also include racks with tie-downs for transporting off-road vehicles and other equipment.

Towing: In this package, this includes large cooling fans, heavy duty radiator, revised axle gearing, and extra transmission cooling provisions.

Safety: The safety package can consist of additional air bags. Also included in the package may be seat belt pre-tensioners, collision avoidance system or AEB, electronic stability control, and adaptive headlights.

Handling: This handling package may coincide with the sports performance package. The elements include stiffer springs, shock absorbers, and anti-roll bars. Larger, but lightweight wheels, or higher grip tires.

Navigation: This may include your GPS with turn-by-turn instructions or satellite navigation.

Is An SEL Trim Better Than Any Other?

Choosing the right trim may or may not matter to you. But it can depend on the certain type of features you want in your vehicle. If you’re in the market for a new car and find a model that interests you, see if there is an SEL model available. Remember, what is included in an SEL trim will depend on the car brand or model. It may even be the best trim of a model or it may not.


Now that you know what SEL means on a car, you can also familiarize yourself with the other trims that are offered by other car brands. This can also help you determine which trim is best for you if you’re dead set on buying a specific vehicle model. Remember, each trim has features and functions that are different from each other.

What Happens When A Rack And Pinion Goes Out?

Your steering system is a very important part of your car. Most people think of the engine and brake system as being important, but the steering system plays a vital role as well.

If you can’t steer your car, then how are you supposed to drive it? Well, the answer is you can’t. All the systems of a car work together to make the car useable and if any fail, then the car will not work right.

Your steering system is just one of those systems, but it is one that is overlooked a lot of times until there is a problem. One of the main and biggest problems that can happen with your steering system is the steering rack and pinion going out.

In this article, we will explain what happens when the steering rack and pinion fail and also signs to help you notice it before it occurs so you can prevent it.

What Happens When A Rack And Pinion Goes Out

What Happens When A Rack And Pinion Goes Out?

What does it do?

Before going into what happens when the steering rack and pinion fail we will first explain what the steering rack and pinion is and what it does.

The rack and pinion steering system in most vehicles is actually multiple parts. The main part is the gearbox in the middle. The more common name for the gearbox is the steering rack.

The steering rack is the part that receives direct input from the driver. It is what the steering column goes into, and when the driver turns the wheel, it is the steering rack that sends the proper information to the other parts of the steering system.

The steering rack is the heart of the steering system, and all the other parts connect to it. The other parts are revered to as the pinions.

This includes universal joints, main and intermediate shafts, and other things such as the tie rod. These parts can also wear out over time but isn’t as major as when the steering rack goes out.

So now that you know that the steering rack is the main component of the steering system, you may really be wondering what happens if it fails, or if some of the pinions fail.

The steering rack is the part that receives direct input from the driver

The steering rack is the part that receives direct input from the driver

What happens if steering rack or pinion fails?

Well, if the steering rack fails completely, then major issues occur. The most important thing that happens if the steering rack completely goes out is that you will lose control of the car.

That is because turning the wheel will have no effect. If the steering rack is out completely and not making contact with other parts, then it can’t send the information needed to the other parts of the car as you try to steer.

If the steering rack is just starting to go out though and hasn’t failed completely, then it will just be hard to steer. Depending on what is wrong with the steering rack will determine how hard it is to steer the vehicle and also how much it will cost to fix.

If a pinion or other part of the steering system fails completely, then again you can lose complete control of the steering. This is because the system might be broken to the point of not working.

If however, just a pinion component is starting to fail, then the steering might be harder. There are a lot of different signs though that you can pay attention to, to notice if the steering system is starting to fail.

Paying attention for the things to follow is important because if the steering system goes out while driving, then there is a good chance you will wreck. That is why it is key to pay attention to the following things and fix a minor problem before it becomes a major one.

Signs Steering Rack or Pinion is Starting to Fail

One of the first things you might notice when the steering rack or pinion is failing is tight steering. The steering might get to the point of being very tight. This is especially true if your car has power steering.

If your car doesn’t have power steering, then it might not tighten up as much. The reason tight steering is a sign of problems is that it means that the gearbox might be getting too hot or that there is not enough power steering fluid getting to it.

Also, tight steering can mean a loss of hydraulic pressure to the steering. If you notice tight steering, then you should have your car checked out. A lot of times the problem is minor and easy to fix if caught early.

An obvious sign of problems with the steering system is leaking power steering fluid. The power steering fluid is what helps lubricate the system and also helps with the hydraulic pressure.

If it is leaking, then the steering will not act right, and also there is an obvious problem as it should not leak. Leaking fluid could mean a part has a hole in it or that there is a break in the system preventing it from being sealed.

If you repair the leak early, then most other things should be fine, but if you drive with low power steering fluid, then it will damage more parts of the system.

Any fluid under your car is a sign for concern, that is why you should keep an eye on these types of things, and if you notice a leak from anywhere in your vehicle, then you should have it checked out and fixed.

The next issue can be caused by a variety of things in the steering system, but it is grinding sounds while steering. These sounds can occur at any speed from slow to fast and can mean different things depending on when they happen.

The key thing to remember though is that your car should not make noise when steering. If your car does make any kind of grinding, squealing, whining, or any other type of sound while steering, then it means issues are going on.

Normally it means that something is worn out, but replacing it early will prevent other things from getting damaged and prevent bigger problems.

The last sign of a steering rack or pinion failing is a burning oil smell. This is less common than most of the others, but still a sign that there is a problem.

That is because power steering fluid burning normally smells like burnt oil, so if you smell this smell and it is coming from the steering system, then it likely means that the gearbox is getting too hot.

If the gearbox gets too hot, this can lead to fire and major damage. That is why if you notice this smell and think it is the gearbox and not oil burning that you pull over and investigate the problem.

Let the gearbox cool off before driving again and get the vehicle to a mechanic to have it looked at.


So, now you know what happens when the power steering rack and pinion goes out. You know that if they go out completely that you will lose control of the vehicle and wreck.

You also know though that normally they don’t go out all at once, but instead, minor things start to happen like noises and tight steering.

If you notice any of these things, then you now know to have your vehicles steering system checked out and the problem fixed before it gets worse.

A lot of time the steering system is not too expensive to fix and caught early. However, if you let the problem go on the fixes can get expensive and be dangerous. If the power steering rack fails completely, then you are in trouble.

How To Bleed Air From Abs Module?

Whenever you change a part of the brake system, you will need to bleed the brake system afterward. This means removing all the air in the system.

The reason you have to bleed the brakes is that air is compressible and if there is air in the system, then the brake pedal will feel soft.

The reason the brake pedal will be soft and mushy is that the air will have to be pushed out of the way before the fluid can do what it is supposed to do.

This can be dangerous because it means that it will take longer to stop. Most of the time bleeding brakes isn’t too hard, but what if air gets in the ABS Module. Well, bleeding the ABS module can be a bit more of a challenge, but this article will explain how to do it.

How To Bleed Air From Abs Module

How to bleed air from Abs module?

How to bleed brakes?

Before going into how to bleed the ABS module, we will first briefly explain how to bleed the brakes. This is because you might think you have air in the module, but it is really in another part of the system.

It is best to make sure that the rest of the system is free of air first before trying to bleed the ABS module because bleeding the ABS module can be a challenge for someone to do on their own.

For bleeding the air out of the brake system itself, it also helps to have a partner.

The way you bleed air out of the brake system is by opening the bleeder valves at the proper time. You want to make sure you have clean fluid ready first though before bleeding the lines however you want to open all the bleeder valves and let them drain.

You also want to suck out all the old fluid from the master cylinder. Once the master cylinder is empty, you can add in new fluid. To get the rest of the old fluid in the air out though you will need a partner to make it easier.

You put the hose that you are bleeding into some fresh brake fluid. Then you have your helper depress the brake pedal with enough force to stop at a light.

It is best to make sure that the rest of the system is free of air first before trying to bleed the ABS module

It is best to make sure that the rest of the system is free of air first before trying to bleed the ABS module

After they depress the brake you loosen the bleeding valve a quarter turn. This will suck new fluid in and cause some old fluid to come out once old fluid stops coming out close the bleeder and have the person lift their foot off the brake.

You repeat this process until fresh, clean fluid comes from the system.

Depending on the vehicle you will want to start with a certain brake line either the front or the back. This is due to how the system is set up, and there is the most efficient way to bleed the system.

You will have to look up the information depending on the make, model, and year of your car. If bleeding the brake system like this though doesn’t fix the problem of mushy brakes though or you know the ABS module has air in it, then you will have to bleed it.

Bleeding ABS Module

Bleeding the ABS module is more of a challenge than just bleeding the brake system because the ABS module has a lot of chambers and moving parts in it.

Most ABS modules do have bleeding valves, but a lot of times these aren’t enough to get all the air out. Depending on where the air is trapped though will determine how hard it is to bleed the ABS module.

The first thing to do to bleed the ABS module is to start the car or turn the key to where the battery is on. Then you need to depress the brake pedal. It is important the system is under pressure before doing this to help force the air out.

After the brake pedal is depressed to loosen the brake sensor. This will cause lights to come on the dash which is what is supposed to happen. After you loosen it to keep the brake depressed and tighten it back. This should allow the air out and cause the lights to go off.

Bleeding the ABS module is more of a challenge than just bleeding the brake system

Bleeding the ABS module is more of a challenge than just bleeding the brake system

If the air is trapped farther in the system though you will need a special tool to get the air out, different vehicles require different dealer tools that plug into the OBD2 port. Some OBD2 scanners can do the same thing.

The tool cycles the different valves while the brakes are under pressure to help allow air to come out. Then the new brake fluid can go in which in turn forces more air out.

After using a tool to cycle the valves, you will then need to bleed the brake lines again manually. That is because most of the air out of the ABS module is going to go into them.

Can you do it at home?

So, this leads to the question of can you bleed the ABS module at home? Well, the answer is yes you technically can, but it is hard. That is because the special tool that is required is expensive.

You can buy one and like has been mentioned the top of the line OBD2 scanners can also normally do what is required, but it is costly.

Also, it is hard to do at home because in order to get to the bleeding valves on the ABS module you will normally need the car in the air. This is because it can be a tight squeeze to get a wrench to it.

It can even be a challenge to manually bleed the rest of the brake system at home for the same reason. Sometimes ramps are enough to allow you to get to what you need to, but space can be a challenge bleeding brakes at home without the car in the air.


So, now you know how to bleed the ABS module yourself at home, however, you also now know that it is a hard task to do at home.

That is because it can be hard to reach the bleeder valves with the car on the ground and also that it takes a special tool to cycle the valves in the ABS module to let the air out.

You also know that before bleeding the ABS module that you should bleed the rest of the brakes to just make sure the air isn’t in them and also to bleed the rest of the brakes after bleeding the ABS module since air from the module will go into them.

If you can get the equipment to bleed your brakes and the ABS module at home, then you can do it to save money, however, if you don’t work on cars a lot you might just want to let a shop bleed your ABS module since it requires a special tool.

Now you know all you need to know though so you can make the best decision you can when it comes to bleeding your brakes the next time you get air in them.

Why Is Your Car Making Clunking Noises When Turning Steering Wheel?

When you drive your vehicle should not make any weird sounds. These could be anything from clunking or scraping sounds to whining or grinding sounds.

This is even true when you are turning. If you are reading this article, however, your car is probably making some sort of noise when you turn the wheel.

Read on to learn all the possible reasons why your car might be making clunking sounds when you turn. Also, learn what you can do about it to prevent these sounds from happening.

clunking noise when turning steering wheel

Why Is Your Car Making Clunking Noises When Turning Steering Wheel?

Your Speed

Depending on the speed you go when turning the wheel and noises are being made could help determine what could be wrong. If you are going fast, slow, or normal speeds when the clunking sound is made, then it could indicate what might be wrong.

That is why it is important to pay attention to your speed when you start to notice grinding sounds while turning. That is also why sometimes you might hear a sound while turning and other times you might not.

Just because you don’t hear a sound all the time, doesn’t mean you should have things checked out. If you hear any odd noises when turning the wheel, then there is something wrong, and you should have your vehicle looked at.

Clunking Noises At Slow Speeds

If the sounds occur at slow speeds, then the problem most likely lies in the power steering system or the suspension. If the sound you hear when turning the steering wheel is a whining sound, then it is most likely the power steering pump failing.

The power steering pump helps make taking turns easier. It does this by helping lubricate the steering system.

If the sound you hear is coming from the engine bay or front of the car, then it is defiantly most likely the power steering pump. The power steering pump should be checked out and tested and replaced if needed.

If the sounds are more of a clunking sound though when you take turns at slow speeds, then the issue is most likely the suspension. The suspension is what is responsible for helping your car handle bumps.

The suspension springs get damaged overtime though from taking this pressure. They are designed to wear out though, so other more important parts of the car don’t get damaged from bumps.

If the suspension is popping when turning, then it is time to get them looked at and most likely have the springs replaced. Another name for the suspension springs are the shocks.

There are a variety of kinds, and they are all rated for the different amount of use, so get the best ones you can for your needs when getting them replaced.

If the sounds occur at slow speeds, then the problem most likely lies in the power steering system or the suspension

If the sounds occur at slow speeds, then the problem most likely lies in the power steering system or the suspension

Clunking Noises At High Speeds

If the noise occurs during high speeds, then the main culprits are CV joints, bearings, or differentials. Depending on the type of sound that is made can help you figure out which one.

The CV joint, if it is going bad, will make a clicking or crunching sound. The CV joint is where the wheels connect to the axel. A bad coupling can cause the popping sound. If the CV joint is bad, then it should be replaced.

If the sound is a humming or buzzing sound though, then you should check the wheel bearings. The wheel bearings are what the wheel floats on so it can rotate without friction.

While turning the wheel bearings are what carries the load of the weight of the vehicle, and that is why the sound is most noticeable when turning, especially at higher speeds.

If the bearing problem is not corrected, then it can lead to uneven tire wear as well as wobbling. That is why if you suspect the bearings are bad, then you should have them replaced.

Bearings are small, and it is a cheap fix and catching it early will save you money in the long run.

If the noise occurs during high speeds, then the main culprits are CV joints, bearings, or differentials

If the noise occurs during high speeds, then the main culprits are CV joints, bearings, or differentials

Clunking Noises At Normal Speeds

If you turn your steering wheel at normal speeds and a sound occurs, then it could be a whole variety of different components. It could be the power steering system.

This is especially true if the sound is a whining sound from the front engine area of the car. The power steering pump could be failing, or it could just be a loose belt or low fluid.

Check it out first if you have a whining sound. However, just because the fix might be easy, it could also be something more series. You might have a bad tie rod.

The tie rod is what connects the steering gears with the knuckles. In other words, they connect the steering rack with the steering arms. If the noise you hear is a clunking noise, then chances are one of the ends of the tie rod is bad.

This is especially true if your steering seems harder. A lot of times if a tie rod goes bathe steering will be loose and mushy. That is because the tie rod helps you maintain control. A bad tie rod will make your vehicle harder to control, so it should be replaced as soon as possible.

Other Bad Parts

On top of the mentioned potential problems, there are also a couple of other problems that will cause your car to make noises, and the noises can happen at any speed if these parts are bad.

One of the other parts that could be bad is the sway bar. The sway bar is responsible for reducing the body of the car from rolling when taking a turn. In other words, it helps keep all four wheels on the ground.

If the sway bar breaks through, then it will make noises from it hitting things when turning. If the sound you hear when you turn the steering wheel is a knock or clanking sound, and you have checked other things, then you need the sway bar checked. A broken sway bar can be dangerous because you could lose control of the vehicle.

One of the other parts that could be bad is the sway bar

One of the other parts that could be bad is the sway bar

The last potential bad part is possible bad ball joints. The ball joints connect the wheel hub to the rest of the suspension.

Depending on the vehicle and how the weight is distributed might dictate how soon or often the car makes sounds from bad ball joints, but most of the time the sound will be a creaking sound.

If you have checked other components and haven’t found the reason your car is making noise when turning the wheel, then be sure to check the ball joints.


So, as you can see, there are a lot of potential reasons why your car might make noise while turning the steering wheel. Any sound while turning the wheel though means you have a problem.

It could be not enough power steering fluid or a loose belt causing the power steering pump not to work or a dry suspension bushing, or it might be something worse. Your speed when the sound occurs can help you figure out the problem as well as looking at other parts of your car.

For example, check the tires and see how they are wearing. If they are wearing unevenly and you have sounds while turning then the suspension may be bad, the wheel bearings may be worn out, or struts might be damaged.

On top of this if you notice control issues, then the problem might be in a ball joint or more likely the sway bar or tie rods. No matter what part is worn out or damaged though you should have your car checked out whenever you notice odd noises while turning the wheel.

Your car should not make noises when turning, but if it does, then now you know what you can do about it. Luckily for you after reading this you can solve the problem and fix it or why your car is making clunking sounds when turning the steering wheel.


Symptoms Of Bad Transfer Case Control Module

Most cars are either front wheel or rear wheel drive, but some larger vehicles such as SUVs and Trucks are a four-wheel drive or can switch between two and four-wheel drive.

The switching between what style of driving your vehicle is is controlled by the transfer case control module. Sometimes this module stops working properly though, and this will prevent you from switching between two and four-wheel drive.

In this article, we will look at some symptoms of a bad transfer case control module and will also give you some suggestions on what to do about it.

transfer case control module symptoms

Symptoms of Bad Transfer Case Control Module

How does the transfer case control module work?

Before going into detail on symptoms of a failing module though, we will first explain briefly on how the transfer case control module works.

By understanding how it works, you can better understand what things to look out for with your transfer case control module while driving so you can notice the symptoms of it failing sooner.

The purpose of the transfer case control module is to help your vehicle switch between to wheel drive and four-wheel drive.

The way it does this is it uses speed sensors to judge the speed of the car, and then it processes that information to see if a shift is safe and possible.

If you are going slow enough when you press the button to engage four-wheel drive, then the module will engage and allow the vehicle to switch into four-wheel drive.

The same is true if you are trying to turn four wheels drive off. It looks at your speed, and if you are going slow enough, it will shift the vehicle back to two-wheel drive.

This is a really basic explanation of what the transfer case control module does, but the key thing to know is it is responsible for changing the vehicle between two and four-wheel drive and thus has moving parts in it.


Symptoms of Failing Transfer Case Control Module

Since the transfer case control module has moving parts in it, the first symptom we will point out is grinding sounds.

When you press the button to engage or disengage the four-wheel drive if you hear grinding sounds after when the module changes the mode your vehicle is in, then that I am a problem.

Even if it works, it still means that there is something in the module that shouldn’t be. This could be a broken gear, debris from driving, or anything else.

If you have a grinding sound or clanking sound when the module is working, then you need to get it checked out right away, so it won’t break completely on you.

The next thing tied into this is difficulty shifting gears. The difficulty could be audible, or you might just feel it in your vehicle when the gears are changing.

If the module has a challenge shifting the gears, then it might mean that they are damaged and this ties into the first one with the sound.

However, another reason why it might be hard for

transfer case system

Transfer case system

the transfer case control module to change gears is that it might not have enough fluid in it to lubricate it.

This could be from a leak somewhere in the system, so difficulty shifting is another sign to pay attention to and should be checked out farther if you notice it because shifting without the proper amount of lubrication will cause damage to the whole module.

The third symptom of a failing module is a vehicle that jumps in and out of four-wheel drive. This means that it might be in four-wheel and then switch to two wheels on its own or when you hit a bump.

Some might call this slipping out of gear. If the vehicle changes from four-wheel to two wheels on its own, then there is defiantly some damage to the parts inside the module, and the module needs to be checked.

This changing can be dangerous because it can lock up the wheels and cause you to wreck. This issue can also be caused if you have too much lubrication in the module from a leaking fluid line. This means that too much fluid is bad, but also not enough is bad too. Any issues liked this need checked out.

The last symptom of a transfer case control module that is having issues is one that won’t shift when it should or only shifts sometimes. This is generally caused by a speed sensor that has gone bad or isn’t working right.

If the speed sensor isn’t giving a reading or it thinks you are driving faster than you are, then it won’t allow the vehicle to shift from two-wheel to four-wheel drive or allow it to change the other way around.

What to do when Get Bad Transfer Case Control Module?

If you have any of these symptoms, then you should have your transfer case control module checked out. The first thing that you or a mechanic should do when having the module checked out is run an in-dep code scan on it.

The transfer case control module has a lot of parts with sensors and motors, so doing a code scan can help you figure out what is wrong so you can fix the module faster and hopefully cheaper.

You should try to have the module fixed if you can because replacing it can get really costly. It is an important part of your vehicle though, especially if you want to switch between two-wheel drive and four-wheel drive, so having a working one is important.


So, now you know what the transfer case control module does and some signs of one that is going bad. You know that trouble shifting between two and four-wheel means something is wrong and if you have noises coming from the module, then you really need to have it checked out.

You also know that if it slips out of four-wheel into two-wheel, then that is a sign of issues. The best thing to do if you notice any of the things mentioned is to have your codes scanned, so you can know the best way to fix your transfer case control module. Luckily though, you now know the symptoms of a bad transfer case control module so you can have it taken care of as soon as possible.

What Is The Truth About Seafoam?

Engine additives and fuel additives come in a variety of different forms. They all, however, are supposed to do the same thing, and that is to clean the engine out and help it burn the fuel better.

One of the most common additives out there is Seafoam. In this article we are going to look at what Seafoam is, what it does, and also learn the truth about it.

Read on to learn everything you want to know about Seafoam and have all your questions answered on if you should use the stuff or not.

What is the truth about Seafoam?

What is the truth about Seafoam?

What is Seafoam?

Before going into if you should use Seafoam or the effects of Seafoam, we will first cover what it is and also what engine additives in general are.

Seafoam is an engine additive that is used to clean out the engine. You can mix it into the fuel in your fuel tank, or some people put it into the oil.

It is a chemical that is supposed to help break down gunk and sludge inside your engine and other parts of the car. It is also supposed to help the fuel burn better cleaner to prevent more buildup from occurring.

What does it do?

When you add Seafoam into the engine or oil, it will cause a lot of white smoke to come out of the engine and out of your vehicle. Some people say that this is the carbon burning off of this, but others will say that this is just the Seafoam burning.

When to use it?

So, now that you know what it is and what it does the big question is when you should use it. Depending on who you ask the answer will vary, some never say, while others say all the time. Some will give the in-between answer of if you start to have knocked.

The people that say never use it say this because there is no proof that it works and a lot of them probably have experiences of the Seafoam causing more harm than good.

The ones that say to use it all the time have probably had their vehicle start to run better after using it, and they are giving the Seafoam credit when there is no proof.

The last group that says when there is knocking are saying this because they know there is an issue and the Seafoam might fix it and if it does, then great, but if it doesn’t then you aren’t out much.

Which group is right?

So, that brings up the question of which group is right and the answer to this is it is hard to say.

There is no proof that Seafoam really helps reduce carbon in the engine and other lines, but some people swear by the stuff, and they do so because they have had good luck with.

Others have had bad luck though and blame the Seafoam for clogging things like the catalytic converter or blame it for gumming up the O2 sensor.

They say it causes the carbon to break off parts that it is attached too and instead of it burning off it just clogs things and attaches to something else.

Again though, there is no proof indeed that it is from using the Seafoam that you had these issues and they might have been going to happen anyways.

Should you use it?

Should you use Seafoam?

Should you use Seafoam?

So, you may be wondering should you use Seafoam, and the answer is it depends on if the risk is worth the potential reward to you.

There are a lot of different fuel additives that are supposed to help burn off carbon and remove impurities from the gas, and it really is up to you if Seafoam is the one you want to use or not.

If your vehicle is already running poorly, then using Seafoam and getting lucky and having your vehicle run right again might be worth the risk of using it.

However, if your vehicle runs great already, then using it and risking it having something go wrong might make you decide not to use it.

A lot of people feel that fuel additives are just snake oil and don’t really work. A lot of car people think that if you use the good gas in your car and do regularly maintained like changing oil and the filters, then you don’t need fuel additives.

Others think that additives help make your car run better and more consistently. There really is no right side, and you just have to form an opinion on your own based on your risk tolerance.

More: If you want your car’s battery to be fully charged, highly recommend you use best battery maintainer to recharge your car battery.


So, the truth about Seafoam is that it is a fuel additive. That is the only thing that is completely true. The rest is based on opinion or untestable marketing.

Seafoam is supposed to remove carbon deposits, but there is no way to know if it really works or not. Some say the stuff is great while others say it will gunk up your vehicle.

Some people think you don’t need any fuel additives while others think they help the vehicle run better and longer. The truth is, you have to test them yourself and see if you notice any results or not.

The truth about Seafoam is you have to make your own opinion on it and find the truth yourself.


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